1) Nature of operations
Manappuram Finance Limited ('MAFIL' or 'the Company') was incorporated on July 15, 1992 in Thrissur, Kerala. The Company is a Non Banking Finance Company ('NBFC'), which provides a wide range of fund based and fee based services including gold loans, money exchange facilities, etc. The Company currently operates through 3,293 branches sbrad across the country. The Company is a Systemically Important Non-Deposit taking NBFC.
2) Basis of brparation
The financial statements of the company have been brpared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The company has brpared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified under section 133 of the Companies Act 2013, read together with paragraph 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014 and the guidelines issued by the Reserve Bank of India as applicable to a non deposit accepting NBFC. The financial statements have been brpared under the historical cost convention and on an accrual basis except for interest and discounts on non-performing assets which are recognized on realization basis.
The accounting policies adopted in the brparation of financial statements are consistent with those of brvious year, except for the change in accounting policy explained below.
2.1) Statement of significant accounting policies
a) Change in accounting policy Debrciation of fixed assets
Till the year ended March 31, 2014, Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, brscribed requirements concerning debrciation of fixed assets. From the current year, Schedule XIV has been replaced by Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013. The applicability of Schedule II has resulted in the following changes related to debrciation of fixed assets.
Useful lives/debrciation rates
Considering the applicability of Schedule II, the management has re-estimated useful lives and residual values of all its fixed assets. The management believes that debrciation rates currently used fairly reflect its estimate of the useful lives and residual values of fixed assets, though these rates in certain cases are different from lives brscribed under Schedule II.
Debrciation on assets costing less than 7 5,000/-
Till year ended March 31, 2014, to comply with the requirements of Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, the company was charging 100% debrciation on assets costing less than 7 5,000/- in the year of purchase. To comply with the requirement of Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013, the company has changed its accounting policy for debrciations of assets costing less than 7 5,000/- over their useful life as assessed by the management.
Had the Company continued to follow the earlier useful life, the debrciation expense for the period would have been lower by 7 63.14, profit before tax would have been higher by 7 63.14 and the net block of fixed assets would have been higher by 7 63.14.
Use of estimates
The brparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management's best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.
Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated debrciation and impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing costs if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use.
Debrciation is provided using straight line method at the following rates, which is management's estimate of the useful lives of the assets:
Intangible assets — Computer software 8 licenses
I ntangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any
I ntangible assets are amortized on a straight line basis over the estimated useful economic life of 6 years.
The amortization period and the amortization method are reviewed at least at each financial year end.
f) Impairment of tangible and intangible assets
The Company assesses at each reporting date whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. If any indication exists, or when annual impairment testing for an asset is required, the Company estimates the asset's recoverable amount. An asset's recoverable amount is the higher of an asset's or cash-generating unit's (CGU) net selling price and its value in use. The recoverable amount is determined for an individual asset, unless the asset does not generate cash inflows that are largely independent of those from other assets or groups of assets. Where the carrying amount of an asset or CGU exceeds its recoverable amount, the asset is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their brsent value using a br-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset. In determining net selling price, recent market transactions are taken into account, if available. If no such transactions can be identified, an appropriate valuation model is used.
After impairment, debrciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.
Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased term, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments in respect of non-cancellable leases are recognized as an expense in the statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
I nvestments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Any inter class transfer should be with the approval of the board and as per RBI regulation.
Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Quoted current investments for each category is valued at cost or market value whichever is lower. Unquoted investments in the units of mutual fund in the nature of current investment are valued at the net asset value declared by the mutual fund in respect of each particular scheme.
Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize
a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.
Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured. In a situation where management believes that the recovery of interest is uncertain due to change in the price of the gold or otherwise, the Company recognizes income on such loans only to the extent it is confident of recovering interest from its customers through sale of underlying security or otherwise.
Interest income on loans given is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable. Such interests, where instalments are overdue in respect of non-performing assets are recognized on realization basis. Any such income recognized and remaining unrealized after they become overdue in respect of standard gold loans accounts are reversed based on Management's estimate of ultimate realisation of the underlying security
Revenues from fee-based activities are recognized as and when services are rendered.
Interest on deposits is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.
i. Retirement benefit in the form of Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme. The Company has no obligation payable to the provident fund. The Company recognizes contribution payable to the provident fund scheme as expenditure, when an employee renders the related service. If the contribution payable to the scheme for the service received before the balance sheet date exceeds the contribution already paid, the deficit payable to the scheme is recognized as the liability after deducting the contribution already paid. If the contribution already paid exceeds the contribution due for services received before the balance sheet date, then excess is recognized as an asset to the extent the br-payment will lead to, for example, a reduction in future payment or a cash refund.
ii. Gratuity liability under the Payment of Gratuity Act which is a defined benefit scheme is accrued and provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation as per projected unit credit method made at the end of each financial year.
iii. Actuarial gains / losses are immediately taken to statement of profit and loss and are not deferred.
iv. Employee stock compensation cost -Measurement and disclosure of the employee share-based payment plans is done in accordance with SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 and the Guidance Note on Accounting for Employee Share-based Payments, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. The Company measures compensation cost relating to employee stock options using the intrinsic value method. Compensation expense, if any, is amortized over the vesting period of the option on a straight line basis.
k) Leave benefit plan
The Company with effect from April 1, 2014 has curtailed the leave encashment plan, consequent to which, the employees cannot encash the leave credit devolving on them from April 1, 2014. Further, no carry forward of accumulated leave is allowed. Consequent to such change in the leave policy, no accrual for leave benefit has been considered in the financial statements for the current year.
Foreign currency transactions
(i) Initial Recognition
Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.
Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.
(iii) Exchange Differences
Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting Company's monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in brvious financialstatements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.
l) Borrowing costs
Borrowing cost includes interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.
Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.
Tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current income-tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961 enacted in India. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income originating during the current year and reversal of timing differences for the earlier years.
Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.
At each balance sheet date the Company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.
The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available
Earnings per share
Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The weighted average numbers of equity shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for events of bonus issue; bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders; share split; and reverse share split, if any.
For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of sharesoutstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.
(i) A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a brsent obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its brsent value and are determined based on management estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current management estimates.
(ii) Provision policy for gold loans and other loan portfolios
Secured loans are classified / provided for, as per management's best estimates, subject to the minimum provision required as per Non-Banking Financial (Non-Deposit Accepting or Holding) Companies Prudential Norms (Reserve Bank) Directions, 2007 as follows:
The Company operates in a single reportable segment i.e., financing, which has similar risks and returns for the purpose of AS 17 on 'Segment Reporting'. The Company operates in a single geographical segment ie., domestic.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents in the balance sheet comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.
r) Ancillary borrowing costs
Ancillary borrowings costs incurred for the issue of debentures and other long term borrowings are expensed over the tenure of the loan.
s) Securities issue expenses
Expenses incurred in connection with issue of shares are adjusted (net of tax effects, if any) against the securities brmium account in accordance with Section 52 of the Companies Act, 2013.
Public issue expenses incurred in connection with issue of debentures are amortized over the term of debentures.
t) Insurance claims
Insurance claims are accrued for on the basis of claims admitted and/or to the extent there is no uncertainty in receiving the claims. The Company re-assesses the claims made at each reporting period for recoverability.
u) Surplus on auction of pledged gold
The Company has a policy of refund of any surplus that arises on auction of pledged gold which has been repossessed by the Company in accordance with the terms of the agreement with the customers.
v) Expenditure on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)
The Company accounts the expenditure incurred towards Corporate Social Responsibility as required under the Act as a charge to the statement of profit and loss.
w) Contingent liabilities
A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a brsent obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements as there is no indication of the uncertainties relating to any outflow.
(i) Estimated amount of contracts remaining to be executed on capital account, net of advances is 7 4.70 as at March 31, 2015 (March 31, 2014 - 7 4.32).
(ii) The Company has entered into an agreement for outsourcing of Information Technology support in April 2011 for a period of 10 years with an annual expense of 7 270.
Under Recovery of Interest Income
The Company disbursed some gold loans on which the total amount receivable including principal and accumulated interest have exceeded the value of the underlying security. As of March 31, 2015, the Company has not recognized interest income aggregating to Rs. 773.90 (March 31, 2014 Rs. 881.71).
NOTE: 4 During the year there have been certain instances of fraud on the Company by employees and others, where gold loan related misappropriations / cash embezzlements have occurred for amounts aggregating an amount of Rs. 69.23 (March 31, 2014 Rs. 127.66) of which the Company has recovered Rs. 8.87 (March 31, 2014 Rs. 64.78). The Company has taken insurance cover for such losses and has filed insurance claims in this regard. Further, the Company is in the process of recovering these amounts from the employees and taking legal actions, where applicable. The Company has created provision aggregating to Rs. 42.98 (March 31, 2014 Rs. 52.97) towards these losses based on its estimate.
NOTE: 5 Utilisation of proceeds of public issue.
During the current year, the Company has raised Rs. 2,785.52 (March 31, 2014 Rs. 4,000 including Rs. 2,000 rebrsenting application money towards redeemable non-convertable debenture pending allotment) by way of public issue of Secured Non Convertible Debentures (public issue) to be utilised to meet its various financing activities including lending and investment and towards business operations including Capital expenditure and working capital requirements. As at March 31, 2015, the Company has utilised the entire proceeds of the public issue, net of issue expenses in accordance with the objects stated in the offer document.
NOTE: 6 Expenditure on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)
For the year ended March 31, 2015 the Company has incurred expenditure of Rs. 43.38 as compared to expenditure required to be spent under section 135 of the Act of Rs. 101.78 resulting in a shortfall of Rs. 58.40. Refer to the Director's report for details on the same.
NOTE: 7 Previous year figures
Previous year figures have been regrouped/reclassified, where necessary, to conform current year's classification.
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the financial statements. As per our report of even date
For S. R. Batliboi & Associates LLP \
For and on behalf of the Board of Directors
ICAI Firm registration number: 101049W
per Bharath NS
Membership no.: 210934
V. P. Nandakumar
Managing Director & CEO
B. N. Raveendra Babu
Chief Financial Officer
Date : May 14, 2015